FOODS TO AVOID
It is always advisable to avoid some foods if you are diabetic
such as refined sugar, sweets, syrups, glucose, jam, molasses,
fruit sugar, ice-cream, cakes, pastries, sweet biscuits,
chocolates, soft drinks, condensed milk, cream and fried foods.
Fats like butter, ghee and hydrogenated vegetable oil should
also be avoided. White sugar and white flour should be reduced
drastically. Avoid all processed foods, junk food, pastries,
cookies, canned and preserved foods. They contain harmful
preservatives and lot of salt. Avoid soft drinks since these
have a lot of sugar. Try to avoid fried foods from your diet.
Smoking results in the using up of oxygen in the body. It will
result in less of oxygen needed by the body to metabolize
glucose. So smoking should be avoided.
FOODS TO BE LIMITED
Salt consumption should be reduced to a minimum. You will get
enough salt form the vegetables and fruits you eat. Reduce
animal foods especially red meats. Reduce poultry and egg.
Reduce caffeine and alcohol. Do not drink tea and coffee more
than 2 cups a day. Try to replace it with green tea or herbal
teas like Parsley tea, Blueberry leaf, Tea made of tender
walnut tree leaves, Water in which kidney bean pods have been
cooked is good diabetes.
Do not consume alcohol in empty stomach. Alcohol on an empty
stomach can cause low blood glucose or hypoglycemia.Foods
that should be consumed in moderation are honey and other
natural sugars like palm sugar, dates which can be used instead
of white sugar. Remember these should be consumed in very little
quantity only.Pasta, coconut, other nuts, unsweetened juices,
eggs should be limited. You can replace it with whole grain,
unpolished rice and Soya products. Try to eat whole grain bread
instead of white flour. Fats like olive oil and peanut oil are
more advisable that hydrogenated fats. Low fat food like skimmed
milk and low fat home made cottage cheese can be taken in
moderation. You can also substitute it with yogurt. Sea food
and fish also can be taken in moderation.
Drink at least 8 glasses of water a day.
An alkaline diet with natural food is recommended. Wholegrain,
fruits, nuts, vegetables, and dairy products form a good diet
for the diabetic.
Raw vegetables can be taken in high quantities. It has been
found that cooked foods raise blood glucose higher than raw,
unpeeled foods. Cooking destroys many of the enzymes and some
vitamins and minerals.
Eat at least five fruits every day. Fruits like grape fruit,
pomegranate juice, Indian blackberry, banana, granny smith
apples, fig, cranberries, black berry, kiwi fruits, and citrus
fruits are highly recommended. It can be taken as a snack.
Cucumber, Lettuce, onion garlic string beans cucumber radish,
tomato, carrot, leaves; spinach turnip, cabbage and Jerusalem
artichoke are good for diabetes. Colorful vegetables are good
for the functioning of pancreas. Drink Fruit juices without sugar.
Brewer's yeast and sprouted alfalfa and mung beans are good for
the body. Unripe banana also can be cooked and eaten.
The most important of all is eating high fiber diet which lowers
need for insulin. It releases energy into the body slowly. It has
also been found that diabetes decreases and may even disappear in
people eating a high fiber or whole food diet. High fiber diet has
more chromium and chromium is very good for people with diabetes.
Eat lot of potassium rich foods like raw peanuts, tomato, bananas,
melons, dried peas, potatoes, apple cider vinegar, skimmed milk
powder, wheat but do not take potassium supplements.
Include soluble fiber in your meals like barley, oatmeal, almond
meal, dried beans, kidney beans, cooked black beans, peas, cereals,
chickpeas, Bengal gram which has low glycemic index, Black gram,
lentils and corn or garbanzo beans to helps considerably in reducing
blood sugar levels. Soy products like tofu, tempeh, soymilk, soya
powder, soy bean sprouts, nuggets etc are also very good in
containing neurological complications in diabetes. You can make bread
out of any of the whole grains. Get a lot of soluble fiber into your
diet. When you eat lots of bread, cereal and starchy vegetables you
will get enough of starches which is very helpful for diabetes.
Insoluble fibers, found in bran (oat bran, wheat bran), whole grain
breads, whole grains and nuts, act as intestinal scrubbers by cleaning
out the lower gastrointestinal tract. Fiber cleans your intestinal t
ract by moving out the food so that it wouldn't stay there and putrefy.
Butter milk and yogurt diet are very beneficial.