How to Treat a Black Eye (Bruise)
A "black eye" or bruising of the surrounding tissues around the eye is caused by the "pooling" of blood in the affected area and the skin around the eye is very thin so the pooled blood appears purply-blue. As time passes (it usually takes about a week for the bruise to disappear) the blood is reabsorb back into the body and the "black eye" gradually disappears. This article will give you some tips and ways to treat a "black eye".
Treating the "black eye" immediately will help to reduce the swelling and stop the internal bleeding. Place an ice pack to the injured eye but don't apply too much pressure. Leave it on for one to two days. Place some crushed ice into a cloth and apply as necessary, If the eye is very swollen and you are unable to move the eyelids don't place the ice pack directly on the injured eye instead place it just above the eye on the forehead region. You can use some sort of dressing to tape the ice pack in position. Don't leave the pack on for long periods it is better to use it at 10 minute intermittent intervals.
Using vitamin K is another way to treat a new eye bruise. Vitamin K helps to promote and accelerate healing to the tissue. It is readily available to buy in most drugstores and pharmacies. Purchase the 1% -5% vitamin K cream and apply gently over the affected areas around the eye. Be careful not to get any into the eye socket itself. Another way is to soak a sterile dressing with the vitamin K cream or oil and then apply it to the injured eye by taping it in place with dressing. This is a good way to treat the eye because you can wear the vitamin K 'eye-patch" while you are sleeping to help healing.
If you are experiencing pain from the bleed or the swelling of the surround Eng tissue around the affected eye it is better to take OTC acetaminophen. DO NOT TAKE ASPIRIN since this has anticoagulant properties and will prevent the blood from clotting and could make the bruise larger and a longer healing process.
Some herbal remedies can give some relief to a black eye. For example, using herbs like arnica plant or a certain type of enzyme found in pineapple called bromelain, have found to have some healing properties for bruising. As always, it is recommended to consult your own medical doctor before starting any herbal remedies or alternative treatments.
The use of parsley can also help in treating a black eye. This herb has anesthetic and anti-inflammatory properties and will help the healing process. Grind up some chopped parsley and mix with crushed ice in a blend. Pour the parsley "slurry" mix into ice cube tray and place into the freezer. When the ice cubes are frozen take a few parsley cubes out of the tray and place onto a soft cotton cloth and apply it to the injured eye as a cold compress. Repeat as necessary but remember not to leave the cold ice compress on for too long at a time.
There are ways to hide a black eye cosmetically while it heals. There are certain types of make-up or foundation that are available in the market where it is specially formulated as a concealer to hide marks and discoloration on the skin. Use the internet and research some of these products that you can purchase on-line.
Don't blow your nose too forcefully while the black eye is healing otherwise you will cause the capillaries to bleed again from the force and the pressure induced from the forced nose blowing. This will make the healing process longer and the bruising could become larger and a worse case scenario is infection secondary to the original bleed from the initial injury due to accumulation of blood and possibly air if the bone of the eye socket was fractures.
Tips & Warnings
It is advisable to go and see an ophthalmologist after you have sustained any kind of eye injury. Sometimes the injury might appear superficial and asymptomatic at the early stages but complications could occur later from the injury, ie, retinal detachment or internal hemorrhages
Take the injured person to the ER or seek immediate medical attention if the eye injury presents with these signs and symptoms: double or blurry vision, dizziness, "floaters" in the eye, pain upon eye movement, sever bleeding that will not stop.
This article is written to educate and inform the reader and is not a substitute for professional medical advice or seeking medical attention form your own doctor.